Vitamin K is essential for bone health, and can be found exists in two main forms: K1 and K2. Variables, despite being considered the same family, are not interchangeable, according to clinical studies. Within the chain of vitamin K2 are the menaquinones, among which we can highlight the menaquinone-4 and menaquinone-7 (these are the main sources of the form K2).
In our daily diet the main sources of these vitamins are green leafy vegetables, in the case of vitamin K1, plus cheese and natto (fermented soybeans) to K2.
Vitamin K2 is mainly related to blood clotting , integrity of the walls of the arteries, and regulation of bone mineral content. It is synthesized by the intestinal bacteria and to form menaquinone-7 is superior when compared with other vitamin of the same family.
The use of this vitamin as an ingredient in Brazil's ANVISA approved, and is recommended to help maintain bones. This vitamin also enhances the action of vitamin D
and helps protect the body against the accumulation of calcium in the blood vessel wall, also improving cardiovascular health. Storage of calcium in the arteries can cause osteoarthritis, arteriosclerosis and renal calculi.
Knowing this helps in maintaining the vitamin bones , their intake helps prevent osteoporosis, which is a disease characterized by low bone mineral density.
Thus, decreases the chance of fractures caused by this disease, which is considered as a major health problem in modern societies.
Health problems caused by the deficiency of Vitamin K:
- Deficiency in the process of blood clotting
- Formation of hardened plaque in arteries