Sunday, 13 July 2014

Type 2 diabetes

A metabolic disorder in which the body does not respond to hormonal effects of insulin. It is known as insulin resistance. Furthermore, some people with type 2 diabetes may not produce sufficient quantities of insulin by the pancreas.

Due role of insulin, to facilitate movement of sugar (glucose) in the blood cells of the body, where it is used for energy. Insulin also helps the liver to keep the excess glucose.

When the body can not process and use glucose properly, the body's cells do not get the energy they need. From a medical point of view, it is known as an inability to assimilate glucose, which leads to an abnormally high level of glucose in the blood, called hyperglycemia.

When type 2 diabetes is not detected in time, hyperglycemia damages the body's blood vessels and can lead to many complications that can affect almost every organ in the body. Complications include kidney failure, blindness and diabetic retinopathy , peripheral neuropathy, serious skin infections, gangrene, cardiovascular disease, stroke, osteoporosis, Alzheimer's disease, hearing impairment, hyperglycemic syndrome and death.

Of the 95% of people with diabetes in the world diagnosed with diabetes type 2. Unlike type 1 diabetes, which is not preventable, type 2 diabetes can often be prevented. Weight overweight and without activity are two important risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes. Other risk factors include having diabetes during pregnancy, a family inheritance of type 2 diabetes.

Other risk factors include age over 45 years. It - why type 2 diabetes is also known as Type II diabetes, although it is now a lot of young people and children are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes because of higher rates of obesity and inactivity.

Symptoms of diabetes can be vague or unremarkable for many years, resulting in delayed diagnosis of the disease. It - why it is important to get regular medical check your lifetime to get tested for diabetes type 2.

Type 2 diabetes is easily diagnosed during a routine visit to the doctor, a blood test for sugar, which detects hyperglycemia. High glucose levels can also be quickly detected by urinalysis test. The newest form of testing for diabetes - the test for glycated hemoglobin (A1C), which measures the average blood sugar for the past few months.

Rapid diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, and the effective life-long treatment, a key factor to normalize the blood sugar, to reduce the serious complications.

Currently, type 2 diabetes can not be cured, but it is possible to efficiently manage and even prevented . Treatment of type 2 diabetes includes regular monitoring of blood sugar levels, keep a well balanced healthy diet , regular aerobic exercise and medication.

Diabetes Type 2

Type 2 diabetes - the most common type of diabetes usually affects adults older than 40 years, whereas type 1 diabetes - requiring insulin therapy is a young form of diabetes. In many cases, when people say "diabetes", it refers to a type 2 diabetes. While insulin may also be needed at a later stage.

 Because type 2 diabetes begins with mild symptoms, it is - one of the most common diseases are badly diagnosed with millions of Russians, unaware that they have it. This is unfortunate, because diabetes causes significant harm to the body and leads to various complications, even prior to his diagnosis.

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