Thursday, 10 July 2014

Protect the heart and blood vessels

This article about the problems with the heart and blood vessels caused by diabetes. You will learn things that you can do each day to stay healthy and prevent diabetes complications.

What should I do to stay healthy with diabetes ?

Plan a healthy diet.
Eat snacks and do within the same time every day.
Engage in physical activity for at least 30 minutes a day.
Take your medicine for diabetes at the same time each day.
Monitor your blood sugar daily.
Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, sores, swelling, redness and inflammation of the toenails.
Oral hygiene, brushing your teeth and gums every day.
Do not smoke.
What do the heart and blood vessels?

Your heart and blood vessels make up the circulatory system. Heart - big muscle that pumps blood throughout the body. The heart pumps blood, carrying oxygen around the large blood vessels called arteries and small blood vessels, called capillaries. Other blood vessels called veins bring blood to the heart.

That affects the heart and blood vessels?
The presence of high blood sugar.
The presence of high blood pressure.
Cigarette smoking.
The presence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood.
Consumption of foods rich in saturated fats and cholesterol.
Weight more than the norm.
Not an active lifestyle.
What can I do to prevent problems with the heart and blood vessels?

Keep your blood sugar and blood pressure as close as possible to normal.
Keep cholesterol and other fats in the blood as closely as possible to normal.
Take your medication for diabetes at the same time each day.
Ask your doctor whether you should take aspirin every day to help protect the heart.
Eat a diet, including healthy foods in it.
Do not smoke.
Tell your doctor immediately if you think you have any signs of problems with the heart or blood vessels. Signs of problems with the heart and blood vessels may be shortness of breath; dizziness; pain in the chest, arms, shoulder; sudden loss of vision; speech problems,
numbness or weakness in one arm or one leg. You may also feel very tired and swell ankles, or feet.
Be physically active for a total of 30 minutes daily. Use the stairs instead of the elevator. Walk a lot, swim, do housework or gardening.
Keep your weight healthy.
Why blood vessels become clogged?

Presence of diabetes may increase blood cholesterol is too much. Cholesterol - a substance which is used for the body and the many important functions. It is also found in some animal products that we eat. When cholesterol is too high, the inner part of the larger blood vessels become clogged and narrowed. This complication is called atherosclerosis .

Clogged and narrowed blood vessels lead to problems pumping enough healthy blood to reach all body cells. This may cause one or more problems.

What heart problems can cause unhealthy blood vessels?

heart problems can cause unhealthy blood vesselsWhen arteries become clogged and narrowed, you may have one or more problems with the heart:

Chest pain, also called angina. When you have angina, you feel pain in your chest, arms, shoulders, or shoulder blade. You may feel pain more when the heart is working faster, for example, when you exercise. The pain may go away when you rest. You can also feel very weak and be sweaty. 

If you did not treat angina, chest pain may occur more frequently. If diabetes damaged cardiac nerves, you can not feel pain in your chest.

Heart attack. A heart attack occurs when a blood vessel in or near the heart becomes blocked. Heart muscle stops working, so the heart weakens. During a heart attack, you may have chest pain along with nausea, indigestion, extreme weakness, and sweating.

Cardiomyopathy . Cardiomyopathy occurs when narrowed blood vessels passed fewer blood through the heart. This damage makes the heart muscle weak.
As heart disease is high blood pressure ?

Clogged and narrowed blood vessels make smaller opening for blood circulation. It's like the inclusion of a garden hose and holding your thumb over the hole.   

Minimal opening forces the water jump at high pressure. Likewise, vasoconstriction leads to high blood pressure. Other factors, such as renal disease, and obesity can lead to high blood pressure.

Diabetes and high blood pressure often go hand in hand. If you have heart problems, eye or kidney disease, diabetes , high blood pressure can make them worse.

If you have high blood pressure, ask your doctor how to lower it. The doctor may prescribe an ACE inhibitor. This type of treatment is the best blood pressure for people with diabetes who have kidney disease because it helps keep the kidneys healthy.

To lower your blood pressure, your doctor may also recommend that you lost weight; Eat more fruits and vegetables; Eat less salt and foods high in sodium, such as canned soups, salty snacks and fast foods; drink less alcohol.

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